Since Novi Sad was considered to be cultural, economic and scientific centre of the Province of Vojvodina, Serbia, and Vojvodina was the largest producer of sugar beet in the former Yugoslavia, Sugar Beet Department was established within Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in 1959. During this initial period, employees of the Department included Radomir Djordjević, BSc, assistant and Vojislav Kovačević, BSc, breeder, senior technical associate. In 1960 Sugar Beet Department was situated at Matica in Čenej, and towards the end of 1960 it was moved to Forgač at Rimski Šančevi. The building of the new facilities with contemporary laboratories and equipment started in 1962, partially financed by Yugoslavian Sugar Industry. The building where both Sugar Beet Department and Oil Crops Department are situated today was built in 1963.
At the very beginning, Department started breeding and multiplying original seed of diploid type domestic autochthonous cultivars Belje N, Crvenka N and Aleksinac N officially released in 1961.
With its development, the Department started with a more intensive work on the new diploid and tetraploid monogerm and multigerm breeding material aiming at development of domestic unisoploid multigerm and monogerm cultivars, coupled with research on sugar beet cultivation practices.
Apart from university-educated experts, Sugar Beet Department also employed two technicians and a dozen of field hands.
When Institute for Agricultural Research was integrated with Faculty of Agriculture in 1976, several Plant Breeding and Special Crops Science professors and assistants joined Department’s team. At that time, there were 9 university-educated employees, including three who held a PhD and two who held a MSc. Towards the end of 1980, another three PhDs joined our team from Plant Physiology Department, while additional two assistants joined breeding program and one joined seed production and processing program.
Today, Sugar Beet Department employs 25 full-time staff members, including 5 holding a PhD, 2 holding a MSc, 2 holding a university degree, in addition to technical associates and manual labourers. The Department owns three laboratories and a seed processing centre.
Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops offers top quality sugar beet seed for sowing in three different types:
The basic difference between mini-pelleting and pelleting is the quantity of the mixture applied to the seed. The goal of this technological process is:
All seed is protected with fungicides and insecticides.
NS sugar beet seed has high germination viability (NEW TECHNOLOGY IN SEED PROCESSING), which assures full planting density and equal germination, both being essential preconditions for attaining high and stable sugar beet root yields of excellent quality.