Oil Crops Department of Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops conducts scientific research program of developing and utilizing sunflower and oilseed rape genetic potential. Total of 338 hybrids developed at Oil Crops Department have been released so far, including jointly developed hybrids in cooperation with various foreign companies and institutes. In Serbia, 58 sunflower hybrids and 8 oilseed rape cultivars developed in Oil Crops Department have been released.
- Hybrids with high seed and oil yield, resistant to dominant deseases, insects and drought;
- Productive hybrids with diverse oil qualities;
- Hybrids resistant to various herbicides;
- Productive confectionery hybrids with increased protein content;
- Special-purpose hybrids for poultry and bird feed;
- Decorative sunflower.
Oilseed rape breeding includes development of productive cultivars and hybrids which are eruca-acid free and have a low content of glucosinolates, and are also resistant to diseases and insects. The first oilseed rape hybrids have been developed. Besides breeding programs, we also deal with production and processing of parent lines and hybrids, cultivation practices, biotechnology, physiological research, cytogenetics, application of molecular markers and tissue culture method, etc.
NS sunflower hybrids are grown on over 3 milion hectares worldwide, and are present in Serbia, Romania, Italy, Hungary, Spain, Russia, India and many other countries. Institute is an unprecedented leader with a 30% market share in Ukraine, where over 3 milion hectares are grown in total. Institute is also a market leader in France due to joint hybrids programs with our partners.