As a result of the international project FARMADDINC („New farming models in backyards as possible solutions for generating additional income and self-employment in the rural cross-border area“ HUSRB/1203/213/122) the project study has been published in Serbian and English. The project was co-financed by the European Union within IPA Cross-Border Co-operation Programme Hungary-Serbia. Project participants were Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops (Novi Sad, Serbia) and College Kecskeméti (Kecskeméti, Hungary). The main goal of this project was helping the unemployed who live on the farms in cross-border rural areas to improve their farming, become more productive and profitable.
The territory on both sides of the border is characterised by a large percent of the unemployed (region on the Serbian side: Vojvodina circa 24%, region on the Hungarian side: Dél-Alföld circa 10%), as well as those living off social security, majority of which are rural area residents. The most important focus group of this project is the unemployed population living in rural and semi-rural cross-border areas who own houses with gardens (area of 500 to 1000 m2 per household).
They produce for their own needs and lack satisfactory capacities and skills to be competing at the market. This project will also significantly change the way they grow vegetables and produce food, emphasising increased efficiency, quality and quantity of produce. Small enterprises in agricultural production and gardening may become the basis for the development of local community. One of the deliverables is the transfer of know-how between experts, local population, local government, scientific and research centres and the market via workshops, e-platforms and conferences.
This project will be most beneficial to the unemployed population in rural areas of under-developed regions. Mostly these are housewives, unemployed senior citizens and ethnic minorities. Aiming at creating self-employment opportunities with better use of local resources, improvement of life and achieving social inclusion of these demographic groups, the project fully complies with the EU policy of sustainable development.